Scientists recreate bread our ancestors relished 12,500 years ago

London, Aug 27 (IANS) An international team of researchers has recreated a pre-historic mouth-watering bread that our ancestors savoured over 12,500 years ago.

The barley-processing “facilities” found at Huzuq Musa in Israel’s Jordan Valley indicate that stone-utensil-produced flour could have been a significant part of the local Natufian people’s diet.

Curious, a group of intrepid Israeli researchers went back to the dawn of the Stone Age to make lunch for themselves.

Using 12,500-year-old ancient tools like conical mortars carved into bedrock, the researchers reconstructed how their ancestors processed wild barley to produce groat meals and “proto-pita” — small loaves of coal-baked, unleavened bread.

The results was a yummy, pre-historic cuisine.

Huzuq Musa is estimated to have had a population of about a hundred people.

“The four large threshing floors discovered near the site – and its accompanying tools – could have produced a sufficient quantity of processed barley for its estimated inhabitants,” said professor Mordechai Kislev, expert in archaeo-botony from Bar-Ilan University in Israel.

The findings show that wild-grain-based nutrition emerged some 2,000 to 3,000 years before our hunter-gatherer forefathers established the sedentary farming communities which were the hallmark of the “Neolithic Revolution”.

“This Natufian advance was a bridge to the Neolithic revolution, when sedentary farmers developed the discipline needed to plan for the successful planting – and reaping – of domesticated grains,” the authors commented.

The fresh experiment began by collecting spikelets – the coated grains of a cereal ear – from wild barley.

After ripening on the ground to prevent them from scattering in the wind, the grains were then separated from the stalks.

After de-husking, the grain was scooped out of the conical mortar by hand then placed into a small cup cut in the adjacent bedrock.

From there, it was transferred for filtering in a small-gauge sieve.

“This was a kind of labour-saving device, making it easier to transfer the grain and waste material to a sieve or other vessel,” added archaeologist Dr David Eitam.

The discovery of this sophisticated agro-technological system indicates that Natufian society made the shift from hunting-gathering to an agriculture-based economy, which was possibly extant 3,000 years before the domestication of cereal, he informed.

The research team had independent researchers as well as faculty members from Bar-Ilan and Harvard Universities.

The findings were published in the journal Plos One.

Leave a Reply

Please enter your comment!

The opinions, views, and thoughts expressed by the readers and those providing comments are theirs alone and do not reflect the opinions of or any employee thereof. is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the information supplied by the readers. Responsibility for the content of comments belongs to the commenter alone.  

We request the readers to refrain from posting defamatory, inflammatory comments and not indulge in personal attacks. However, it is obligatory on the part of to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments to the concerned authorities upon their request.

Hence we request all our readers to help us to delete comments that do not follow these guidelines by informing us at Lets work together to keep the comments clean and worthful, thereby make a difference in the community.

Please enter your name here