Smart contact lens can help predict glaucoma progression

New York, Feb 8 (IANS) A contact lens with a built-in sensor could help doctors determine which glaucoma patients have a higher risk of disease progression, says a new study.

The researchers found certain patterns of electrical signals emitted from the “smart” contact lenses correlate with a faster rate of glaucoma progression.

Glaucoma remains a leading cause of blindness and using these findings, clinicians can better estimate the risk of progression by looking at a readout from the smart lens.

“What we see in these measurements is a signature that indicates which glaucoma patients will get worse and which are relatively stable, which you can’t do with a one-time eye pressure measurement,” said study author C Gustavo De Moraes, associate professor of ophthalmology at Columbia University Medical Centre in the US.

The findings, published online in the journal Ophthalmology, could also have implications when using the lenses to evaluate glaucoma treatments.

One of the main indicators of glaucoma is high pressure in the eye, or intraocular pressure.

Doctors often check eye pressure to gauge a patient’s eye health. However, these tests yield a single snapshot in time and are impractical to perform at night when eye pressure typically rises.

With the advent of smart contact lenses that monitor patients continuously, scientists are hoping to solve that problem.

For this study, the researchers tested the lenses on 40 patients between ages 40 and 89 undergoing treatment for open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the disease.

The patients wore a smart contact lens for 24 hours, including overnight as they slept.

The lens’ sensor detects changes in lens curvature. As eye pressure fluctuates, the curve changes, generating an electrical signal sent to a wireless device that records the signals.

Similar to how an electrocardiogram shows a heartbeat, the profile of signals from the smart lens indirectly shows eye pressure changes over time.

Investigators found that patients with steeper spikes recorded overnight and a greater number of peaks in their signal profile overall tended to have faster glaucoma progression.

Leave a Reply

Please enter your comment!

The opinions, views, and thoughts expressed by the readers and those providing comments are theirs alone and do not reflect the opinions of www.mangalorean.com or any employee thereof. www.mangalorean.com is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the information supplied by the readers. Responsibility for the content of comments belongs to the commenter alone.  

We request the readers to refrain from posting defamatory, inflammatory comments and not indulge in personal attacks. However, it is obligatory on the part of www.mangalorean.com to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments to the concerned authorities upon their request.

Hence we request all our readers to help us to delete comments that do not follow these guidelines by informing us at  info@mangalorean.com. Lets work together to keep the comments clean and worthful, thereby make a difference in the community.

Please enter your name here