3 Common Hedging Strategies to Reduce Market Risk

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3 Common Hedging Strategies to Reduce Market Risk

Investing in the stock market can be a great way to make money, but it also comes with its fair share of risks. For those looking to reduce their exposure to risk while still taking advantage of the potential rewards of investing, hedging strategies can be a valuable tool. 

Hedging is an investment technique used by investors to limit or offset the chance that they will suffer losses due to adverse changes in the prices of securities or other investments. 

There are three common hedging strategies: diversification, options trading, and futures contracts. Each strategy has its own advantages and disadvantages depending on your individual needs and goals as an investor. 

In this article, we’ll look at how each strategy works and how you can use them effectively for reducing your market risk. 

What Hedging Strategies Are?

Hedging strategies are a form of risk management designed to limit losses or protect profits in the event of an unfavourable price move. By diversifying investments, hedging strategies help to reduce the overall risk of a portfolio. 

Who Uses These Strategies?

Hedging strategies are most commonly used by large institutions, such as banks and hedge funds. These organizations often have large amounts of money invested in the markets and need to protect their investments from large, unexpected losses. 

Individual investors may also use hedging strategies as a way to manage their risk in the stock market as many brokers offering hedging options. 

What Are the Three Common Hedging Strategies?


This hedging strategy involves investing in a variety of different assets, such as stocks, bonds, and commodities. By doing this, you are spreading the risk across multiple investments which can help to protect against market volatility. Diversification also allows you to benefit from any potential gains across all of your investments, rather than just a single stock.

Future and Options Trading

In this hedging strategy, you buy or sell an option on a security or commodity. An option is a contract that gives the holder the right to buy or sell the underlying asset at a certain price within a certain period of time. This can help to reduce your exposure to risk by limiting your losses if the market does not move in your favour.

This type of investment can be used to protect against losses due to changes in price, as you have already agreed to buy it at a specific price. 

Pairs Trading

Pairs trading is one of the most popular hedging approaches out there. It’s a long-short hedge strategy, making it market-neutral regardless of whether the securities that make up the pair belong to different asset classes as long as they exhibit a positive correlation.

To execute pairs trading, the trader will first measure which asset is overpriced and which one is undervalued using standard deviation. From there, they should open up a long position in the undervalued asset while shorting on its significantly-overpriced counterpart. When these assets ultimately return to their original correlation rate, that’s when you’ve made your profit.

How Does a Private Investor Hedge?

  1. Choose an Appropriate Strategy

The first step to hedging is to choose the right strategy. Consider your risk tolerance, investment goals, and timeline when making this decision. 

2. Open a Brokerage Account

In order to use hedging strategies, you’ll need to open up a brokerage account. This will allow you to access the markets and make trades. 

3. Calculate Your Risk Tolerance

It’s important to assess your risk tolerance when selecting a hedging strategy. Consider how much money you are willing to lose as well as what type of returns you expect from your investments. 

4. Allocate Resources

Once you have chosen your hedging strategy, you’ll need to allocate resources for it. This includes setting a budget and determining how much money you are willing to invest in each trade. 

5. Monitor Your Investment Performance

Finally, it’s important to monitor your investments on an ongoing basis so that you can make any necessary adjustments as the market changes. This will help you to maximize profits and minimize losses. 


In conclusion, hedging strategies can be a great way for investors to manage their risk in the markets. By diversifying investments and using options or pairs trading, investors can limit their exposure to losses while potentially taking advantage of any gains that may occur. However, it’s important to assess your risk tolerance and allocate resources appropriately in order to get the most out of this strategy. 

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