Treatment and Management for individuals with prediabetes
If you’ve been diagnosed with prediabetes, you may be wondering what it is, exactly. While it may not seem like a big deal, prediabetes is a serious condition. Although it is reversible and manageable with prediabetes management. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about prediabetes – from diagnosis and management to treatment options. Read on to learn more.
What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but lower than the required levels to be diagnosed as diabetes. If you have prediabetes, you are at increased risk of developing heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and stroke.
There are two main types of prediabetes: impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). IFG occurs when your fasting blood sugar is higher than normal. IGT occurs when your blood sugar is high after a meal.
If you have prediabetes, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and increasing your physical activity. They may also recommend medication to help control your blood sugar levels as there isn’t a specified diabetes treatment.
What are the symptoms of prediabetes?
The symptoms of prediabetes can be subtle and may not be noticeable. However, some people with prediabetes may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
• Increased thirst
• Frequent urination
• Blurry vision
• Weight loss or gain
• Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor so that you can be diagnosed and treated early. With proper guidance and consistent lifestyle changes, you can manage and may even reverse diabetes in some cases.
How is prediabetes diagnosed?
There are several ways to diagnose prediabetes:
1. A fasting plasma glucose test measures the blood sugar after you have fasted for at least 8 hours. If your fasting blood sugar is between 100 and 125 mg/dL, you have prediabetes.
2. An oral glucose tolerance test measures the blood sugar after you have fasted for at least 8 hours and then drink a sugary drink. If the blood sugar is between 140 and199 mg/dL 2 hours after consuming the sugary drink, you have prediabetes.
3. A haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test measures your average blood sugar over the past 3 months. If your A1c is between 5.7% and 6.4%, you have prediabetes.
If you have any of these tests and results indicating prediabetes, it’s important to see a healthcare provider so that diabetes can be ruled out and treatment can begin if necessary to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes.
How is prediabetes treated?
Prediabetes is a serious health condition that, if left untreated, can lead to type 2 diabetes. While there is no specific diabetes treatment, it can be managed through lifestyle changes and medication.
Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and losing weight can help control blood sugar levels and prevent or delay the progression to type 2 diabetes. In some cases, medication may also be necessary to manage blood sugar levels.
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, it is important to work with your healthcare team to create a treatment plan that is right for you. With proper prediabetes management, you can help keep your blood sugar under control and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
What are the complications of prediabetes?
There are a lot of risks that you might face if diagnosed with prediabetes. Some of the complications of prediabetes include:
• Increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes – if you have prediabetes, your chances of developing type 2 diabetes are up to four times higher than someone without prediabetes.
• Increased risk of cardiovascular disease – people with prediabetes are more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases, such as heart disease and stroke.
• Kidney damage – diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. People with prediabetes are at increased risk of developing kidney damage.
• Nerve damage – diabetic neuropathy is a condition that can occur as a result of nerve damage from high blood sugar levels. Symptoms include pain, numbness, or tingling in the extremities.
• Amputations – people with diabetes are at increased risk of amputations due to complications from the disease.
If you think you may have prediabetes, it’s important to speak with your doctor. They can provide you with a blood test to diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. In most cases, prediabetes is managed through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. If these changes don’t improve your blood sugar levels, your doctor may also recommend medication. With prediabetes management, you can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes and its associated complications.